PhD. in Economics from the University of Cambridge. M.A. in Economics from the University of Warwick.
Graduated in Economics from Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Visiting Professor at the Research Department of the IMF and visiting researcher at the Research Department of the Bank of Portugal. He was Visiting Professor at Sciences Po, Assistant Professor at the University of Aberdeen, and at the University of Cambridge and the Universidade Nova de Lisboa. He has served on the Public Finance Board, IMF, OECD and ECB.